Baptisms in the Bible
1. Noah’s type baptism
Peter mentions that eight people were saved by water in an ark as a type of a future baptism.
(Gen 6:13; 1 Peter 3:20-21)
Genesis 6:13 And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth.
1 Peter 3:20 Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls were saved by water.
1 Peter 3:21 The like figure whereunto even baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ:
2. Baptism unto Moses
Paul presents Israel’s baptism unto Moses “in the cloud and in the sea”.
(1 Cor 10:1-2; Exo 14:29)
1 Corinthians 10:1 Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea;
1 Corinthians 10:2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea;
3. Israel’s ceremonial cleansings
These cleansing rituals were required under the Mosaic Law for the cleansing of the people.
(Num 19:13; Lev 11:25; Exo 19:14; Exo 30:17-21; Heb 9:10)
Numbers 19:13 Whosoever toucheth the dead body of any man that is dead, and purifieth not himself, defileth the tabernacle of the LORD; and that soul shall be cut off from Israel: because the water of separation was not sprinkled upon him, he shall be unclean; his uncleanness is yet upon him.
Leviticus 11:25 And whosoever beareth ought of the carcase of them shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even.
Exodus 19:14 And Moses went down from the mount unto the people, and sanctified the people; and they washed their clothes.
Exodus 30:17 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
Exodus 30:18 Thou shalt also make a laver of brass, and his foot also of brass, to wash withal: and thou shalt put it between the tabernacle of the congregation and the altar, and thou shalt put water therein.
Exodus 30:19 For Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet thereat:
Exodus 30:20 When they go into the tabernacle of the congregation, they shall wash with water, that they die not; or when they come near to the altar to minister, to burn offering made by fire unto the LORD:
Exodus 30:21 So they shall wash their hands and their feet, that they die not: and it shall be a statute for ever to them, even to him and to his seed throughout their generations.
Hebrews 9:10 Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.
4. Levitical priesthood baptisms
These washings were required in order to become a priest under the Law of Moses.
(Exo 29:4; Lev 8:6; Num 8:7)
5. Traditional Jewish baptisms
These baptisms were not mandated under the Law but were part of Jewish tradition.
(Mt 15:1-2; Mk 7:1-9; Lk 11:38)
6. John’s baptism
John came to Israel baptizing with water for the remission of sins so that they could enter the
promised kingdom. (Mt 3:5-6; Mk 1:4; Lk 3:3; Jn 1:31; Lk 7:29; Acts 10:37)
7. Jesus’ baptism by John
Jesus, who knew no sin, was baptized by John to fulfill all righteousness.
(Mat 3:13-17; Mk 1:9-10)
8. Baptism with fire
Jesus would baptize the nation with fire as they went through the tribulation. This trial baptism
would damn the unfaithful to hell. (Isa 4:4; Mal 3:2-3; Mt 3:11; Lk 3:16)
9. Jesus’ baptism unto death
Jesus’ second baptism which he accomplished at the cross where he was identified with the sins
of Israel and the world. (Mt 20:22-23; Mk 10:38-39; Luke 12:50)
10. Pentecostal water baptism
Peter’s presentation of water baptism for the remission of sins in the name of Jesus. (Acts 2:38;
Mk 16:16; Mt 28:19; Acts 22:16; Eze 36:25)
11. Pentecostal Spirit baptism
This is the baptism with the Holy Spirit by Jesus Christ from heaven poured out upon the
believing remnant of Israel with signs and powers following.
(Isa 44:3; Mt 3:11; Mk 1:8; Lk 24:49; Acts 2:17-18, 38; Acts 8:15-17; Acts 11:16)
12. Gentile baptism of Cornelius
Cornelius was baptized with the Holy Spirit as a sign to Peter. Peter subsequently baptizes
Cornelius and the other Spirit-filled Gentiles with water. (Acts 10:45-48)
13. Baptism for the dead
This baptism is debated heavily and is most likely synonymous with one of the other baptisms.
This baptism would be in vain if the dead do not rise (1 Cor 15:29)
14. Baptism into Christ
The only baptism taught by Paul which identifies the believer with Christ,
his death, and resurrection.
This baptism is performed by the Spirit and does not include water.
(1 Cor 12:13; Eph 4:5; Col 2:12; Gal 3:27; Rom 6:3-4)
1 Corinthians 12:13 For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.
Ephesians 4:5 One Lord, one faith, one baptism,
Colossians 2:12 Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with him through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead.
Galatians 3:27 For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.
Romans 6:3 Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death?
Romans 6:4 Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.
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